which examine the effects of teaching a course or presenting a demonstration
about science/pseudoscience and the paranormal
below provide valuable discussion and commentary on the teaching of
science, pseudoscience, skepticism, critical inquiry and the paranormal.
The resource list was compiled by Wayne Messer of Berea College.
G. (1983). Normalizing the paranormal: Short-term and long-term changes
in belief in the paranormal among older learners during a short course.
Teaching of Psychology, 10, 212-214.
S. E., & Frampton, K. A. (1995, March). The persistence of paranormal
beliefs. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern
Psychological Association, Savannah, GA.
D. (1991). Studentsí beliefs and academic performance in an empathic
course on the paranormal. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research,
T. (1984). University course reduces belief in the paranormal. Skeptical
Inquirer, 8, 247-251.
T. (1985). Changing unsubstantiated belief: Testing the ignorance hypothesis.
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 17, 263-270.
J. R. (1980). Academia and the occult: An experience at Arizona. Skeptical
Inquirer, 5, 39-56.
Harvey J. (1990). Parapsychology courses and studentsí belief in the
paranormal. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 56,
G. (1968). Scientific training and the persistence of traditional beliefs
among West African university students. Nature, 220, 1356.
W. H., & Russell, D. (1979). The selective processing of belief disconfirming
information. European Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 309-312.
D. H. (1976). ESP in the psychology curriculum. Teaching of Psychology,
D., & Keeports, D. (1994). Normal science and the paranormal: The effect
of a scientific method course on studentsí beliefs. Research in Higher
Education, 35, 443-453.
S. (1981). Believing in ESP: Effects of dehoaxing. In K. Frazier (Ed.),
Paranormal borderlands of science. (pp. 32-45). Buffalo, NY:
D., & Jones, W. H. (1980). When supersitition fails: Reactions to disconfirmation
of paranormal beliefs. Personality and Social Psychology, 6,
J. J. (1983). Reduction in paranormal belif among participants in a
college course. Skeptical Inquirer, 8, 113-125.
R., & Morris, R. L. (1995). Recalling pseudopsychic demonstrations.
The British Journal of Psychology, 86, 113-125.