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Articles which examine the effects of teaching a course or presenting a demonstration about science/pseudoscience and the paranormal

The articles below provide valuable discussion and commentary on the teaching of science, pseudoscience, skepticism, critical inquiry and the paranormal. The resource list was compiled by Wayne Messer of Berea College.

Banziger, G. (1983). Normalizing the paranormal: Short-term and long-term changes in belief in the paranormal among older learners during a short course. Teaching of Psychology, 10, 212-214.

Buggie, S. E., & Frampton, K. A. (1995, March). The persistence of paranormal beliefs. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Savannah, GA.

Clarke, D. (1991). Studentsí beliefs and academic performance in an empathic course on the paranormal. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 58, 74-83.

Gray, T. (1984). University course reduces belief in the paranormal. Skeptical Inquirer, 8, 247-251.

Gray, T. (1985). Changing unsubstantiated belief: Testing the ignorance hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 17, 263-270.

Greenwell, J. R. (1980). Academia and the occult: An experience at Arizona. Skeptical Inquirer, 5, 39-56.

Irwin, Harvey J. (1990). Parapsychology courses and studentsí belief in the paranormal. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 56, 266-272.

Jahoda, G. (1968). Scientific training and the persistence of traditional beliefs among West African university students. Nature, 220, 1356.

Jones, W. H., & Russell, D. (1979). The selective processing of belief disconfirming information. European Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 309-312.

McBurney, D. H. (1976). ESP in the psychology curriculum. Teaching of Psychology, 3, 66-69.

Morier, D., & Keeports, D. (1994). Normal science and the paranormal: The effect of a scientific method course on studentsí beliefs. Research in Higher Education, 35, 443-453.

Morris, S. (1981). Believing in ESP: Effects of dehoaxing. In K. Frazier (Ed.), Paranormal borderlands of science. (pp. 32-45). Buffalo, NY: Prometheus.

Russell, D., & Jones, W. H. (1980). When supersitition fails: Reactions to disconfirmation of paranormal beliefs. Personality and Social Psychology, 6, 83-88.

Tobacyk, J. J. (1983). Reduction in paranormal belif among participants in a college course. Skeptical Inquirer, 8, 113-125.

Wiseman, R., & Morris, R. L. (1995). Recalling pseudopsychic demonstrations. The British Journal of Psychology, 86, 113-125.