Not so long ago skeptics worldwide celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of
the founding of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of
the Paranormal (CSICOP). In a quarter of a century, CSICOP has become recognized
as a beacon of reason in a world threatened by ignorance and infected with
superstition. The Skeptical Inquirer, CSICOP's flagship publication, celebrated
with articles and remembrances by and about the remarkable men and women who
founded the committee, and who continue the fight to keep it alive and well -- outstanding
skeptics like Paul Kurtz, Carl Sagan, Elizabeth Loftus, Isaac Asimov, Susan
Blackmore, James Randi, and especially appropriate here, Bill Nye The Science
But now I'd like you to go (virtually, or in person) to that wonderful monument
to American civilization, the Library of Congress. Read what it says over
the (and excuse the alliteration) imposing, pillared portico: "The Past is
Prologue." In our age of demotic English, it sounds almost like another language-and
perhaps, to a kid in grade six, it is-a language with the dead echo of classical
How do you get through to that kid?
Well, you translate it into the language of the street, twenty-first century
"You ain't seen nothin' yet!"
In spite of the double negative, the kid will get the message. The point
is, if we are going to convince the young of the value of skepticism, we are
going to have to find a similar street-smart style to do it in.
This is where CSICOP's Inquiring Minds Program comes in. Launched
in 2001, our strengthened commitment to educational programming and development
ushered in the new millennium. Not only did the professed end of the world
pass us by once again but the dawn of skepticism lit up the skies across the
Inquiring Minds is here to provide help and support to those people who will look
upon new marvels in amazement. We want to show them how to develop lifetime
habits of critical and independent thinking -- habits of exercising their brain
cells to understand the world around them. Above all, we want to convince
them that there is a deep and abiding pleasure in being guided by science
Science and Education
In America and elsewhere around the globe the educational sector is having
a hard time at present. Science education in particular is compromised by
communities which seek to ban the teaching of topics such as evolution and
the Big Bang. At the same time paranormal issues, creationism, and other aspects
of pseudoscience are treated as if they have some kind of rational basis,
and should be given credibility and intellectual standing. What can we do?
Let's take time out to consider those two important words: Science and education.
First, science -- it's not simply a great invention of the human mind and a
wonderful aspect of human civilization. Over the last 250 years or so, it
has become the most powerful and pervasive influence in our daily lives. You
cannot seriously understand modern history without an appreciation of the
role science plays in our lives. Because of this, we need to encourage a certain
minimum standard of scientific literacy amongst all our citizens. It's needed
to empower the individual to follow the pros and cons in public discussions
of nuclear power, the missile shield, stem cell research, climate change,
genetic modification of crops, environmental contamination, and so on. In
the twenty-first century, choices on such issues will have to be made, and
it is best that we have an informed citizenry to help our politicians make
those choices. That's what a democracy is all about.
Examine the word education and the refrain is the same. The nineteenth century
idea of education for all, a wonderful, democratic ideal, is in trouble. You've
all heard the scare stories, some of which are true enough to make us fearful
that a decent education may not be available to all children now in school.
Resources -- financial, material, technical, and above all, human -- are so stretched
that some students may be graduating poorly prepared for the struggles of
modern life. They wind up with few defenses against the claims and demands
of the charlatans and con artists trying to sell them on one or another of
their bogus claims or to convert them to the dogmas that dominate their existence.
In the words of the deeply missed Carl Sagan, students need a reliable baloney
detector. Where is it to be found? The answer, as before, is in an education
that achieves the necessary minimum in scientific literacy. In that kind of
an education, the reliable baloney detector turns up in the guise of . . .
(if sound effects were possible, this is where I'd cue in the Fanfare for
the Common Man) the scientific method.
The scientific method is worth a book (or a shelf full) in its own right.
It's all about asking questions and searching for trustworthy answers. As
a species, we've tried prayer, putting our trust in established authority,
guesswork, philosophical navel gazing, even common sense -- but nothing yet discovered
or invented beats the scientific method for solving problems.
So, as we see it, the role of the Inquiring Minds Program is to help anyone
seeking reliable knowledge to learn about this marvelous technique. In promoting
scientific literacy we work with students, teachers, family members and the
community. We operate at all levels-local, regional, national, and international.
We'll work with anybody open minded enough to accept a questioning, questing
attitude to the world and our place in it.
Imagine the fresh, bright face of a boy or a girl, looking out on the wonder
of life, a lone eyebrow skeptically raised and arched just so. It is a questioning,
curious eyebrow, with maybe a wild hair or two shooting off into the air like
a skeptical comet in a night sky of ignorance. That's us! The Inquiring Minds!
The Educational Program
So our overall challenge for the new century is to help create and support
an educational system that turns out healthily skeptical people with a good
chance of coming unscathed through the flims and flams to which they are subjected.
To this end, we aim to see that teachers are provided with the training, materials,
and support to organize high-quality presentations and activities to help
students navigate successfully amidst the confusion of our times. We will
work to ensure that parents are able to find the products and opportunities
that create entertaining and effective learning programs within the home environment
and that provide balance to any ill-informed opinions they may come across.
In addition, we seek to provide students with the scientific and skeptical
background to resist irrational ideas and beliefs encountered within the various
media or elsewhere.
Throughout our first year the Inquiring Minds Program has amassed a veritable
gold mine of syllabi from various sources. Go to our online collection and
browse in the lush pastures there. You'll find pseudoscience and paranormal
topics displayed and examined in a responsible manner -- that is to say, from
a perspective soundly based in science and skepticism. The collection houses
lesson-modules as well as material and other resources that can be incorporated
into, or used to supplement, classroom curricula at all age levels. It continues
to grow, the result of systematic, hard work and the unselfish sharing of
materials by educational professionals.
We have CSICOP's experience of twenty-five years to call on, an unparalleled
record of skeptical investigations and research into the twilight world of
the bogus. This priceless resource is ideal for demonstrating the power of
the scientific method to open up magical and mysterious claims to the searchlight
of skepticism. Educators in particular will find these materials useful in
inspiring their students to ask searching questions and to demand reliable
Right now, many developments are taking place that can be mentioned only
in passing. We are creating course material and seminars in topics such as
the techniques of critical thinking; we are expanding our Science vs. Pseudoscience
Instructional Kit and developing further resources of this kind; we are creating
and compiling a warehouse of activities, events and resources, including materials
for home-schooling, self-education and continued learning; we are inviting guest specialists
to give overviews of topics that are of interest to young people; we are
attending educational conventions and exploring new and mainstream venues
where we can raise awareness and build support for our efforts; we are collaborating
with other organizations and groups with similar goals; and so on -- it boggles
even the skeptical mind! Come to think of it, that's not a good choice of
words. We're out to stimulate minds, not to boggle 'em.
Outside the Classroom
I may have given the impression that as far as our educational initiatives
are concerned, the classroom is where it's at. In fact there are many possible
venues. Sit down with a bunch of friends and brainstorm the issue. What other
venues can you come up with? There are many worth considering for the educational
opportunities they afford: